Etna 1999

Extremely strong activity 17.-19.10.1999

The pictures on this page link to larger photos (usually 20 to 70 K). All times are local and approximate (+/- 30 mins). In order to give an idea of the perspective, focal lengths of the camera lenses are given (e.g. f=28mm: wide angle lens).

Marco Fulle, Roberto Carniel and Jürg Alean visited Etna, at various times, during the phase of extremely strong activity. We are proud to present here some of the unique and spectacular photos captured by Marco during many days of patient, and sometimes dangerous, work on Mt. Etna.

Extremely strong activity 17.-19.10.1999
22 Sep 1999 13h local. f=28mm from the BN S rim. The BN SE vent filled by the BN lava flow of 22 sep 1999. In the background, the 1964 cone remnant, the eroded diaframma, the Voragine and the NEC.
Extremely strong activity 17.-19.10.1999
26 Sep 1999 13h local. f=28mm from the NEC SE rim. The without-end pit of NEC ejects bombs vertically like a laser gun.
Extremely strong activity 17.-19.10.1999
17 Oct 1999 13h local. f=28mm from W rim of Cratere Ellittico. This day BN ejected tens of perfect smoke rings, lasting for tens of minutes. The two photos were taken in a period of one minute.
Extremely strong activity 17.-19.10.1999
19 Oct 1999 13h local. f=135mm from W rim of Cratere Ellittico. Paroxysm 2. Magma bubble 50 m wide from BN W fissure. In the left foreground, the lava flows at 10 m/s through an opening in the W BN rim.
Extremely strong activity 17.-19.10.1999
19 Oct 1999 13h local. f=135mm from W rim of Cratere Ellittico. Paroxysm 2. Fire fountains 50 m high from the W fissure of BN. 50 m south of the opening, a new lava flow spills out of the lava-filled BN.
Extremely strong activity 17.-19.10.1999
19 Oct 1999 14h local. f=50mm from W rim of Cratere Ellittico. Paroxysm 2. After half an hour, the new lava flow is 200 m from the jeep road. Lava blocks falling from the front create a dust haze.
Extremely strong activity 17.-19.10.1999
19 Oct 1999 14h local. f=50mm from W rim of Cratere Ellittico. Paroxysm 2. The new aa-lava front approaches at a speed of 0.1 m/s. The lava is so fluid that the flow is only 0.5 m thick.
Extremely strong activity 17.-19.10.1999
19 Oct 1999 14h local. f=50mm from W rim of Cratere Ellittico. Paroxysm 2. Fire fountains 50 m high from the W fissure of BN. The lava flow front has reached the observation point in 40 minutes.
Extremely strong activity 17.-19.10.1999
19 Oct 1999 15h local. f=50mm from W rim of Cratere Ellittico. The new lava flow has crossed the jeep road on the W rim of Cratere Ellittico after an hour and half from its birth.
Extremely strong activity 17.-19.10.1999
19 Oct 1999 13h local. f=135mm from W rim of Cratere Ellittico. Paroxysm 2. Fire fountains 50 m high from the W fissure of BN. In the left foreground, lava flows at 10 m/s through an opening in the W BN rim.
Extremely strong activity 17.-19.10.1999
19 Oct 1999 13h local. f=135mm from W rim of Cratere Ellittico. Paroxism 2. The opening in the W BN rim was excavated by melting during paroxism 1, on the evening of 17 October 1999 during bad weather.
Extremely strong activity 17.-19.10.1999
19 Oct 1999 19h local. f=50mm from W BN slope (400m from BN rim). At 300 m from the BN rim, two observers witness lava bubbles ejected to heights of 200 m from the BN SW vent.