Turkey

QTVR Panorama Page

Clicking the images brings up the panorama. Click and drag to look all around! Zoom in (shift-key) and out (ctrl-key).

QTVR Panorama Page
Volcanic lake Meke Golu ("Smelling Lake" due to a strong sulfur smell from submerged fumaroles) in the Karapinar volcanic field. About 5km away, just on the right of the cinder cone, one can glimpse a maar filled by deep-blue lake Aci Gol (see also page on volcanoes).
QTVR Panorama Page
Meke Golu: A lake in a volcano - a volcano in a lake. After activity of an older volcano ended with explosions leaving a caldera lower than the surrounding ash fields, a younger cinder cone grew inside it. Then a lake filled the caldera, surrounding the inner cone like the moat of a castle. Note two other big cinder cones at right.
QTVR Panorama Page
Goreme: Peribacalari Vadisi (Valley of the "Fairy chimneys"). Rain and wind have eroded softer white strata in pyroclastic deposits leaving vertical towers protected by harder dark material on their top.
QTVR Panorama Page
Zelve: "Fairy chimneys" among blooming almond trees. Here the softer white layers between darker and harder ones are much thinner. Therefore rain and wind have shaped the material in a much more complex way.
QTVR Panorama Page
Between Urgup and Avanos: more spectacular erosion in pyroclastic strata deposited after eruptions of Argeus volcano. Here most of the tops of hard dark material have fallen down, so that all the "chimneys" are strongly eroded into most phantastic shapes.
QTVR Panorama Page
Cavus'In. View towards Zelve's Valley (left) and the peak of Uchisar (far right). At center-right some "fairy chimneys" in their final stage: the hat of dark and hard tuff protecting the softer white one is close to falling: without such protection rain will erode the whole chimney in a few centuries.