A general term for distinct ridges and mounds of debris laid down directly by a glacier or pushed up by it. The term is also used for distinct ridges of debris on the glacier surface. For illustrations of various types of moraines on or near the glacier surface refer to the following: lateral moraine, medial moraine, fluted moraine, terminal (or end) moraine, recessional moraine, push moraine.

Different kinds of moraines on and near Gornergletscher, Valais, Switzerland: 1 lateral moraines, 2 - middle moraines.